Home / Security / Microsoft Edge Secret Whitelist Allows Facebook to Autorun Flash

Microsoft Edge Secret Whitelist Allows Facebook to Autorun Flash

Microsoft Edge Secret Whitelist Allows Facebook to Autorun Flash

Microsoft’s Edge web browser comes with a hidden whitelist file designed to allow Facebook to circumvent the built-in click-to-play security policy to autorun Flash content without having to ask for user consent.

According to the initial bug report filed by Google Project Zero’s Ivan Fratric on November 26:

In Microsoft Windows, there is a file C:Windowssystem32edgehtmlpluginpolicy.bin that contains the default whitelist of domains that can bypass Flash click2play and load Flash content without getting user confirmation in Microsoft Edge.

The current version of the previously secret Edge whitelist will only allow Facebook to bypass the Flash click-to-play policy on its www.facebook.com and apps.facebook.com domains, a policy which is currently enforced for all other domains not present on this list.

In his bug report, the security researcher also highlighted the security implications of having a Flash autorun whitelist bundled with a web browser, especially given the number of Flash security patches issued by Adobe almost every month.

This whitelist is insecure for multiple reasons:
 – An XSS vulnerability on any of the domains would allow bypassing click2play policy.
 – There are already *publicly known* and *unpatched* instances of XSS vulnerabilities on at least some of the whitelisted domains, for example https://www.openbugbounty.org/reports/582253/ and https://www.openbugbounty.org/reports/444528/ and https://www.openbugbounty.org/reports/130555/
 – The whitelist is not limited to https (this wouldn’t work anyway as some of the whitelisted domain don’t support https at all). Even in the absence of an XSS vulnerability, this would allow a MITM attacker to bypass the click2play policy.

The issue reported by Fratric was partially addressed by Microsoft during this month’s Patch Tuesday by trimming the whitelist down to the two Facebook domains and by adding HTTPS support as a requirement for all the entries on the whitelist to mitigate the possibility of MITM attacks.

However, back in November, the security researcher initially found in the whitelist the sha256 hashes of 58 domains on Windows 10 v1803, which he was able to decrypt and obtain the names of 56 sites.

You can find all of the 58 entries present in the original Microsoft Edge Flash whitelist below:

Hash Cleartext
01d004ae59fe9d0902b0e4526999432118199654f78b0384e4eb983e986d562d www.pogo.com
0309388894379c1e0d01081f6f4d5d4412a82dc5b9bd66476de2270b361cecfd www.wasu.cn
0ae9eeba3229fa449ff5fcf42692cad2305e14933a6102187e94c48346ab8c9d www.tvnow.de
0bc8e61a5970eb325f02148c05b79d60a9a0462efc18a6a60b7f8cd2dc84ccbc chushou.tv
0bfc80d67c9b57f3f1bb978344c8d8d6ac19786e261f98c1c9735f6ba5ec344c more2.starfall.com
1136593de37540f6f5396fdbbf93aa070c2b1c844d2d3d06de5373831a9df3bf loa.gtarcade.com
12055be963e0f2c7786d1283d343afbaac921513a985a21f5f83b6a82b9582e9 nseindia.com
12c3d9b1a0a1f33a7d7ab1b4ccb53c1163210ee527ad5336175eb40ff1fcfe45 N/A
2135e9b55346dd4146bbfae6f0cc896a39688d3287a952f63ae222837e5de152 www.wgt.com
22af4cad3e57873a50693fe36d6385795ae6c56e4d0d759530f263db571a6b2c netgauge.unitel.ao
2df0e6efc506a72a4c9e91ebebe70cf8252f1ffbd8b483043b1a856b75d13ce9 www.icourses.cn
2f87a652a9d2880a3ad580ec4a91bde3f4d2d32ac8f792d4258518d46330870f www.la7.it
2f9f879f017ebe4d6f71a0755eee3b08a5f757c0d011112ded94e6b337b3b520 www.dgestilistas.es
348374ff89afe5693015c3d38758c83867c180a8010372a564c8f5eeaf9b5d0b www.zxxk.com
3c23924f2f71c05d3b484fbaaa6e4ab4319d5bb3f0a002688132aa0f8434fd3b weathernews.jp
46bdf3a01ab608d1a5e68923532e610ff7725a68d4bb063c96c8dedd4617404a bigfarm.goodgamestudios.com
4740f56f40ed20eddb576ae29fdf0c507dd06681e949bda8be5611eaf3ad9d3d www.facebook.com
4779eb7f42cc6736ca2b1e52449799705214f2542fa4cf952e741d8dd5efad31 www.deezer.com
4f5db25a3bd2f1abf3dd1a509b2e1a6d81b9ba4428f333454c29d93e794150bc N/A
515563682e9bfc44b6fed4459149f83ba7f207bf53f6a0208156ac7c46e59d92 yahoo-mbga.jp
51bfa3e340a5ff7dfa37ad7ad409e5a214caadd0f82fc1fef82d38b766c2f088 ok.ru
563d53ee90b355ebd7558c2d9f3bee94489d406c565f9ed5741fb59bbc734544 seer.61.com
5b13e0a388860a0f136eefdd36d2f57fb81f46588ca85e7d93a4fd24cf6462f8 empire.goodgamestudios.com
5e7fc524d10f21da23bc43f24de00967094d69d6f4ccda277fff7042024c3ce5 www.friv.com
5f832e1442b497050d79cd18b32de807e4201a3181929ade823112defa6c1079 video.baomihua.com
64e2991629e5e208874400bc1ea0161fb064f1c2397b1cedc3bb282ea3f4ee3b hiztesti.turktelekom.com.tr
6793b64c0ccc547a01b8b6982318e25ae3dc0b91dfc09366c7f1f1b3a7fa127e www.scholastic.com
68fc10e638f0bb2e25149d2ef8d3d87cf318bbf2de7c9aa74131d53e926fe79e www.viz.com
881bcca2199248b7c82ed14cb1dbd6e87ac9ea899d1f9f02d13d29e837487782 www.dilidili.wang
89ac7d2d82b6a2ef952e3d627853180fb250167ed56b893647814e8374d4f5cd games.aarp.org
900da7ee51cf43450699d9cd11e3cf6ba8d2d04d9d836cd359281d7791e328af www.douyu.com
9adea347b4e793529c9a5e1a35e2aa7c88772b7e2a086d2d24a4f8ccbb20e3ac rc.qzone.qq.com
9c97a59b30e879d3245139795adea4380f62e4e14149025f12f69eb3b532e518 www.nicovideo.jp
a2cf2fe6a8822459d81d15b1327b5bac601bafc460fafa716bc2dcc21e9ab50e www.mynet.com
a77de76633b0717c62034512fb5c3fbb50633ad9b5ebef7a8acf180e455a3025 www.hotstar.com
ad973e7d68dd2c1a8e9f04886e34db40021e1e76eff3bbc53e7ab8934688a4ed www.4399.com
b61f47eb2fc64b2ad7ee4ae780ea0ac1a886b4f02f1ec8da77db13f920b4874b www.bilibili.com
ba33c2367ea9f0c66b5b3f345be68a0287a96ca797654c0bf9b2e584d2809ccb www.msn.com
ba3bc78ec1f427cba6e22cbd63dae305814ca0f0740c0dbd494f804fcaef671a zone.msn.com
c2fda282c3b5875eaeb6d27ecf62b995684d5739ba1e4082d265dd28dd98ef70 www.worldsurfleague.com
ca6efef88504373a9406ed9a31b430d6df8bb60ea630ac698b0d7c4dab0faf7a www.stupidvideos.com
d833be74b7f95eb0ac133c5aa06c71b7792b5051b1a369740694e78525a4d872 entitlement.auth.adobe.com
dd0f56a6b1a1f2908f4ff45438ffa5e05679375ed0aade8e3ab36bf4c0bd40f4 video.fc2.com
dd2ab62df5da52e66844171efc4415a087cc1a8c432312d814a62da582f40e2d www.ontvtime.ru
ddf38cb97def571ec55f58d372db15fe6ee01578adc85b1087823d239d758af8 apps.facebook.com
e2f07d2fb0e6beac78d55962dda9ebcedba6c3ba30bf83b0880fae69d29537bf www.totaljerkface.com
e35635613116ae9266c41348d2f4978f093c2fe75ae91f010ad23c1be31b833c www.hungamatv.com
e39ce3cd42a88216ff9060e8b136bdc153f52322f259321a5925e629659684f8 edu.glogster.com
e4003a967100eb3a92e9148a51e7cd302e6ca4bcc34566c671378a4b0756ef66 v.pptv.com
e4dcd660eae7eeb1ea42050b6dcb108a9bedf1a66e3791438c6abe1efc907e1b life.pigg.ameba.jp
e57c8c0083d4ea6fb4b390682d8ad3dffaeda2d37d1c11b9d29418b4a318e1a9 www.panda.tv
e7bce4b54da6dda25cabbe9da2359fe2833c94ec1ce3edd67077a089ed76ef31 www.vudu.com
e9ce06c9a6a05878802f64fac17399cc0a8452c652403445995a90dc9b19401d www.nseindia.com
ef7f6be560fb99cff749ac35415beeed4aa86f40e10138858289dde1284661c9 music.microsoft.com
f2313491b771d1180f9c4e9cf979820e276a7833859555976dbf4a529cb2189f en.ikariam.gameforge.com
f4f46a8b3a55ffb3e3784e6743266ed8d7cd2fdd21f494a82e2772fc68590d1b www.deraktionaer.tv
fcb0eec77983791a7eeb971a2320f38cdbac2ca16cf3f418f83a00a4338eafd4 www.a1.net
fee3af1754656ed83ba706b46c6fa570b020ff79ad84b5adee4882fbf6adaf0e www.poptropica.com

The choice to encrypt the entries added to the whitelist and the decision to keep Facebook’s domains whitelisted even after this month’s Patch Tuesday are two other questions that only Microsoft can answer.While Microsoft managed to get around to partially address the issue reported by Fratric back in November 2018, the security researcher is still dumfounded by Redmond’s choice to use a Flash whitelist in the first place.

Microsoft is not the first one to use a Flash whitelist. During June 2015, NoScript was also found to whitelist a few dozen domains which could execute Flash, Java, and/or JavaScript content while the Firefox add-on was blocking all other domains that weren’t on his shortlist from running this type of content.



Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

x

Check Also

39% of All Counter-Strike 1.6 Servers Used to Infect Players

39% of All Counter-Strike 1.6 Servers Used to Infect Players

When playing a video game, most people do not worry about getting infected by the ...