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Malware Tries to Trump Security Software With POTUS Impeachment

Trickbot

The TrickBot malware has been spotted using text from articles about President Trump’s impeachment to bypass the scanning engines of security software.

Before distributing malware, developers commonly use a crypter to encrypt or obfuscate the malware’s code to make it FUD (Fully UnDetectable) by antivirus software.

One common technique used by crypters is to take harmless text from books or news articles and inject it into the malware in the hopes that these strings will be whitelisted by security software.

This exact technique was discovered by researchers in the past that allowed them to bypass Cylance’s AI-driven scanning engine by adding strings from the Rocket League executable to malware.

The TrickBot trojan appears to be using a similar bypass by using article text from popular news sites.

Trying to Trump security software

In two new samples of TrickBot discovered by Head of SentinelLabs Vitali Kremez and security researcher MalwareHunterTeam, the malware developers are injecting text from an article about President Trump’s impeachment into the malware.

“The anti-virus engines bypasses focus on adding and appending known “goodware” strings to binaries in order to bypass static machine learning engines as similarly it was discovered and used by Cylance engine model,” Kremez told BleepingComputer in a conversation. “Known goodware strings might include news headlines like widely populated Trump impeachment news stories mixed with the actual and pseudo-real applications that become appended to the malicious binaries by the malware crypter builder engine.”

The first sample uses text from an impeachment story at Independent.co.uk and adds it as part of the file information for executable.

TrickBot Sample #1
TrickBot Sample #1

The second sample uses text ripped from a CNN article about Trump’s impeachment and adds it as custom exif data tags.

"Ukrainian natural gas company is at
rump has lambasted Schiff for previous inaccurately paraphrasing
Russian propaganda that Ukraine opposed him in 2016,
Thursday Schiff went line-by-line through the real thing
investigations was Donald Trump
foreign leader to get in touch with 
iuliani originated at the White House
Burisma board. Impeachment managers
Biden conspiracy theory played against the
Rudy Giuliani, about two different investigations 
Biden conspiracy theory played against the"

It is not 100% clear if this text allowed it to bypass antivirus engines or if other changes were responsible, but when first submitted to VirusTotal, sample 1 was only detected by 11/70 security products and sample 2 was only detected by 6/70.

“This TrickBot crypter and related top cybercrime group invest significant resources in making sure they study and understand anti-virus detection model to be ahead of the game,” Kremez explained. “By and large, malware crypters and detections remain to be a “cat-and-mouse” game with the TrickBot and other top crimes groups trying to evade anti-virus models and defense and detection trying to catch up.”

It also illustrates how attackers use current events in the proliferation of their malware.  Another example shown today is a recent Emotet spam campaign pretending to be information about the Coronavirus.



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